IFC sees $3.1-trillion business opportunity in green ventures

Published On: 01, Dec 2017 | Source: business-standard.com

India’s ambitious plans to meet its climate targets under the on offer a $3.1 trillion investment opportunity by 2030 in renewable energy, green buildings, transport infrastructure, electric vehicles and climate-smart agriculture, a new report by the International Finance Corporation has said.
While green buildings represent the largest chunk, $1.4 trillion, Alzbeta Kleiun, director and global head, climate business, said it was not only the government’s policy but the sector’s competitiveness that was driving deployment both at the utility scale and on rooftops.

Bangladesh, India, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka together have an investment potential of $411.4 billion in India’s share is $403.7 billion.
The study examined climate-investment opportunities in the six countries, which together generate 7.4 per cent of global carbon dioxide emissions.
The IFC, the private investment arm of the World Bank, has since 2005 invested $2.6 billion of its own funds in long-term financing for climate-smart projects in South Asia. It has also mobilised almost $1 billion from other investors.
According to Kleiun, the started doing climate business 10 years ago, beginning with the development of renewable energy mainly in Asia and Latin America and green bonds both on the balance sheet and in companies where it was an investor. “Today, the climate business accounts for 25 per cent of what we do. In India, the emphasis has been on for six to seven years. We finance companies in India that account for 20 per cent of the renewable market in the country,” she said in an interview to Business Standard.
Kleiun said the saw as a concrete development the willingness of the government to implement renewable energy targets, enabling policies and a regulatory environment that supported With declining prices, however, it takes longer for developers to repay. So, is increasing financing tenors.
Aditi Maheshwari, policy specialist at the IFC, said, “Creation of green building schemes and the green building code have provided signals to property developers to enter the green building market. Financiers are increasingly aware of this. We see a $1.4 billion opportunity during
2018-30 in this because half the building stock that will exist in 2030 is yet to be constructed.”
Kleiun said green bonds (a tax-exempt bond issued by federally qualified organisations or by municipalities) were still a small part of the overall bond market, despite growing in double digits. This year, green bonds are expected to reach $120 billion globally. “We’re seeing investors who want green bonds in their portfolios,” she added.
Maheshwari said $3.2 billion worth of green bonds were issued till April on the basis of a framework by the of India and 68 per cent of green bonds issued in India were for renewable energy followed by 20 per cent for transport and 10 per cent for green buildings. “As you see the implementation of targets and greater delivery, there will be greater issuance of green bonds,” she said.
Maheshwari said the government was taking measures to address concerns surrounding contractual issues. At the same time, other components need to be addressed. For instance, clarity on withdrawal of incentives will provide certainty to investors and allow staged progression to the market. There have been signals that incentives like the purchase obligation and tax holiday will be withdrawn. “In other markets, we have seen changes to power purchase agreements have stymied growth, so they (the government) would have something to be worried about.”
On the issue of tariffs, Kleiun said the cost of power generated from was lower than the cost of power generated from coal in 30 emerging markets. “When it comes to blips like the exchange rate or shortage of components, there may be some volatility. Solar and wind tariffs are extremely competitive.”